What is a Referendum?
The UK referendum on EU membership to take place on Thursday 23rd June 2016.
A referendum is a general vote by the electorate on a single political question 'Should UK remain within the European Union' in which has been referred to them for a direct decision. UK and the EU: Better off out or in?
Also a referendum can be considered a vote in which every citizen (or nearly everyone) of voting age can take part, normally giving a "Yes" or "No" answer to a question. Whichever side gets more than half of all votes cast is considered to have won.
There are plenty of important issues are at stake in June's referendum on whether the UK should remain in the EU or leave.
UK Arguments for remaining in the EU European Union
- Britain is a proud, open, ambitious country that stands tall in the world.
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Attorney General Jeremy Wright
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Baroness Anelay of St Johns
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Business Secretary Sajid Javid
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Chancellor George Osborne
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Oliver Letwin
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Chief Secretary to the Treasury Greg Hands
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Chief Whip Mark Harper
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Communities and Local Government Secretary Greg Clark
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Defence Secretary Michael Fallon
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Education Secretary Nicky Morgan
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Energy Secretary Amber Rudd
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Environment Secretary Elizabeth Truss
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Home Secretary Theresa May
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: House of Lords Leader Baroness Stowell of Beeston
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: International Development Secretary Justine Greening
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Minister for Small Business Anna Soubry
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Minister without Portfolio Robert Halfon
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Paymaster General Matt Hancock
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Prime Minister David Cameron
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Scotland Secretary David Mundell
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Transport Secretary Patrick McLoughlin
- Cabinet ministers want UK to remain: Welsh Secretary Stephen Crabb
- Child benefit payment - Will be recalculated to reflect the cost of living in their home countries
- City of London Protection - Safeguards for city of London's financial services industry to prevent eurozone regulations being imposed on it.
- Emergency brake - Migrant welfare payments - UK can decide to limit in-work benefits for EU migrants during their first four years in the United Kingdom.
- Join the campaign to keep BRITAIN in Europe
- Keep the pound £ while being in Eurozone - UK can keep the pound while being in Europe, and its business trade with the bloc, without fear of discrimination.
- Leading the positive case to keep Scotland in the EU
- Leaving EU 'would threaten UK jobs'
- Red card for national parliaments - UK governments to band or block unwanted EU legislation.
- Security "Pillar of security" - being in the EU "helps us to safeguard our people, our prosperity and our way of life".
- Some limits on free movement - Denying automatic free movement rights to tackle "sham marriages" and people believed to be a security risk.
- UK Competitiveness - Cutting red tape. All EU institutions to make all efforts to fully implement and strengthen the internal market.
- UK's Sovereignty - United Kingdom UK will not be part of an ever closer union with other EU member states.
UK Arguments for leaving the EU European Union
- A vote to leave the EU as a chance for the UK to "recover its mojo"
- Being in basket-case,EU risks UK's prosperity
- Britain would be stronger outside the EU
- Boris Johnson Mayor London is to campaign to leave the EU
- By voting to leave we take back control
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Commons Leader Chris Grayling
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Culture Secretary John Whittingdale
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Justice Secretary Michael Gove
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Minister of State for Employment Priti Patel
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Northern Ireland Secretary Theresa Villiers
- Cabinet ministers want UK to leave: Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith
- Dancing in the Kremlin if UK left EU
- EU exit would mean more power for Scotland
- EU is holding UK back - The European Union is now holding this country back
- Europe is actually shrinking as a percentage of world trade
- If we can get a Brexit, Scotland will get a lot more powers
- In terms of national security the countries of Europe had to work very closely together within the framework of both Nato and the European Union
- Leaving and negotiating a fresh deal based on trade and friendly cooperation, not on political union.
- Nonsense to stay in EU for jobs and trade
- The best of both worlds if the UK was able to be part of the EU without having to join a superstate
- The Leave Campaign wanted: Restrict access to welfare benefits for EU Citizens.
- The real issue here at stake is should our parliament and our courts be subject to the European Court of Justice and the EU institutions that we can't understand and hardly control?
- The UK could flourish outside the EU
- UK better off outside EU
- Voting to leave that we'll be able to set out our own laws and control our own borders.
- We're better off taking back control
EU Referendum: Here's a reminder of what the Conservative Party General Election 2015 manifesto said about benefit changes
absolute requirement in the renegotiation. We have
already banned housing benefit for EU jobseekers, and
restricted other benefits, including Jobseeker's Allowance.
We will insist that EU migrants who want to claim tax
credits and child benefit must live here and contribute
to our country for a minimum of four years. This will
reduce the financial incentive for lower-paid, lower-
skilled workers to come to Britain. We will introduce a
new residency requirement for social housing, so that EU
migrants cannot even be considered for a council house
unless they have been living in an area for at least four
years. If an EU migrant's child is living abroad, then
they should receive no child benefit or child tax credit,
no matter how long they have worked in the UK and
no matter how much tax they have paid. To reduce the
numbers of EU migrants coming to Britain, we will end
the ability of EU jobseekers to claim any job-seeking
benefits at all. And if jobseekers have not found a job
within six months, they will be required to leave.
Should the UK leave the EU?
Should the United Kingdom UK leave the EU or who wants the UK to leave the EU European Union?
The British public are fairly split on will the UK leave EU or UK leave EU, according to the latest YouGov opinion polls. Surveys says... on average figures are: remain in the EU 51%, leave 49%.
The question "Will the UK leave the EU" has been going on for a long time and now that British Prime Minister David Cameron have set the EUreferendum June Date, we will know if UK to leave EU or why should the UK leave the EU question's answer.
Simply saying... UK to leave EU is not enough. The big dividing lines on the EU are age, education, Britain is being held back by the EU, and imposes too many rules on business and charges billions of pounds a year in membership fees for little in return.
One of the main principles of EU membership is "free movement", which means you don't need to get a visa to go and live in another EU country.
Some British public object to the idea of "ever closer union" and any ultimate goal to create a "United States of Europe" (USE).
Should Britain Stay in the EU?
The questions... Britain to stay or should britain stay in the EU or should we stay in the EU or why should we stay in the EU will be
answered in the EU referendum on Thursday 23 June 2016.
The Prime Minister David Cameron wants Britain to stay in the EU, The Labour Party, Scottish National Party (SNP), Plaid Cymru and the Lib Dems are also in favour of Britain to stay in the EU.
What is the European Union?
The EU or EEC - often known as the European Economic Countries or European Union - is an economic and political partnership involving
28 European countries.
The European Union has 28 member countries. The member countries of the EU including year of entry are as follow:-
- Austria (1995) - 24 year old EU membership
- Belgium (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Bulgaria (2007) - 12 year old EU membership
- Croatia (2013) - 6 year old EU membership
- Cyprus (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Czech Republic (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Denmark (1973) - 46 year old EU membership
- Estonia (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Finland (1995) - 24 year old EU membership
- France (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Germany (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Greece (1981) - 38 year old EU membership
- Hungary (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Ireland (1973) - 46 year old EU membership
- Italy (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Latvia (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Lithuania (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Luxembourg (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Malta (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Netherlands (1958) - 61 year old EU membership
- Poland (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Portugal (1986) - 33 year old EU membership
- Romania (2007) - 12 year old EU membership
- Slovakia (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Slovenia (2004) - 15 year old EU membership
- Spain (1986) - 33 year old EU membership
- Sweden (1995) - 24 year old EU membership
- United Kingdom (1973) - 46 year old EU membership
Candidate countries waiting to join the European Union EU membership includes:-
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Potential candidates countries that could joing the EU, includes:-
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
Becoming a member of the EU
Joining the EU and becoming a member of the European Union is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight.
Once an applicant country meets the conditions for EU membership, it must implement European Union rules and regulations in all EU areas.
European Union or EU or EEC began after the second World War Two (WW2) to foster economic co-operation, with the idea that countries which trade together are more likely to avoid going to war with each other.
It has since grown to become a "single market" allowing goods and people to move around, basically as if the member states were one country.
It has its own currency, the euro €, which is used by 19 of the member countries, its own parliament and it now sets rules in a wide range of areas.
Including on the environment, transport, consumer rights and even things like mobile phone charges.